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Pharmacological Index

Central Nervous System

The central nervous system (CNS) is composed of the brain and spinal cord. The brain receives sensory information from the nerves that pass through the spinal cord, as well as other nerves such as those from sensory organs involved in sight and smell. Once received, the brain processes the sensory signals and initiates responses. The spinal cord is the principle route for the passage of sensory information to and from the brain. Information flows to the central nervous system from the peripheral nervous system , which senses signals from the environment outside the body (sensory-somatic nervous system) and from the internal environment (autonomic nervous system). The brain's responses to incoming information flow through the spinal cord nerve network to the various effector organs and tissue regions where the target responsive action will take place. Diseases that affect the nerves of the central nervous system include rabies, polio, and sub-acute sclerosing pan-encephalitis. Such diseases affect movement and can lead to mental incapacitation. The brain is also susceptible to disease, including toxoplasmosis and the development of empty region due to prions. Such diseases cause a wasting away of body function and mental ability. Brain damage can be so compromised as to be lethal."

Analgesic (Non Opiod)

Non-opioid analgesics are pain medications for mild to moderate pain. Non-opioid analgesics include NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen, as well as other analgesics such as acetaminophen and aspirin. These medications also .....

Analgesic (Opiod)

Opioid analgesics are used to relieve pain from a variety of conditions. Some are used before or during surgery (including dental surgery) both to relieve pain and to make anesthetics .....

Anti Convulsants

The anticonvulsants (also commonly known as antiepileptic drugs) are a diverse group of pharmaceuticals used in the treatment of epileptic seizures. Anticonvulsants are also increasingly being used in the treatment .....

Anti Depressants

An antidepressant is a psychiatric medication used to alleviate mood disorders, such as major depression and dysthymia and anxiety disorders such as social anxiety disorder. According to Gelder, Mayou &*Geddes .....

Anti Emetics

"An antiemetic is a drug that is effective against vomiting and nausea. Antiemetics are typically used to treat motion sickness and the side effects of opioid analgesics, general anaesthetics, and .....

Anti Manic & Anti Psychotics

Antipsychotic drugs were some of the first drugs used to treat acute mania, and numerous studies have shown their effectiveness. Although the onset of action of antipsychotic drugs is often .....

Anti Migraine

Antimigraine drugs are medicines used to prevent or reduce the severity of migraine headaches.  .....

Anxiolytics

"An anxiolytic is a drug used for the treatment of anxiety and its related psychological and physical symptoms. Anxiolytics have been shown to be useful in the treatment of anxiety .....

CNS Activator & Stimulants

CNS stimulants are medicines that speed up physical and mental processes. They are used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy, and other disorders of the central nervous system. The .....

Hypnotics

Hypnotic drugs are a class of psychoactives whose primary function is to induce sleep and to be used in the treatment of insomnia, and in surgical anesthesia. When used in .....

Neuropathic Pains

Neuropathic pain results from damage or disease affecting the somatosensory system. It may be associated with abnormal sensations called dysesthesia, and pain produced by normally non-painful stimuli (allodynia). Neuropathic pain .....

Parkinson's Syndrome

A degenerative disorder of the central nervous system. The motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease result from the death of dopamine-generating cells in the substantia nigra, a region of the midbrain; .....

Sedatives & Tranquilizers

"A sedative or tranquilizer is a substance that induces sedation by reducing irritability or excitement. At higher doses it may result in slurred speech, staggering gait, poor judgment, and slow, uncertain .....

Alcon Laboratories Pvt. Ltd. (Novartis India)Alcon Laboratories Pvt. Ltd. (Novartis India)

Novartis-alcon laboratories stockists/Dealers in
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