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Uterous

The uterus has three major functions: to prepare a bed for a fertilized ovum, to nourish the developing embryo during pregnancy, and to expel the fetus. Shaped like an upside-down pear, and tilted forwards, it lies within the pelvis and is held in place, along with its two extensions, the Fallopian tubes, by ligaments and folds of the peritoneum. The cervix forms the lower third, connected by a narrow isthmus to the main muscular body of the uterus. The non-pregnant uterus weighs 45–60 g and is 7–8 cm long but its weight increases more than ten-fold by the end of pregnancy.

Abortion

An abortion is a procedure to end a pregnancy. It uses medicine or surgery to remove the embryo or fetus and placenta from the uterus. The procedure is done by .....

Amenorrhoea

Amenorrhoea is the absence of menstrual periods. Apart from during childhood, pregnancy, breastfeeding and menopause, the absence of periods might be due to a problem with the reproductive system. One .....

Addison's disease

Addison’s disease is a rare, chronic condition brought about by the failure of the adrenal glands. Lifelong, continuous treatment with steroid replacement therapy is required. With the right balance of .....

Menstrual intermittent

Intermittent menstrual disturbances include any change or irregularity in the menstrual cycle that occurs on and off. .....

Corpus luteum

The corpus luteum is what is left of the follicle after a woman ovulates. During the follicular phase of a woman’s cycle, several follicles develop under the influence of FSH .....

Dysmenorrhea

Dysmenorrhea means painful menstruation and is classified as primary (from the onset of menstruation) or secondary (due to some physical cause and usually of later onset). The uterus is a .....

Endometritis

Endometritis is an inflammation or irritation of the lining of the uterus (the endometrium). It is not the same as endometriosis. Endometritis is caused by infections such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, .....

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is an often painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus — the endometrium — grows outside your uterus. Endometriosis most commonly involves your .....

Endometrial hyperplasia

Endometrial hyperplasia is an excessive or abnormal thickening of the lining of the uterus. This lining, called the endometrium, thickens every month in preparation for pregnancy. If pregnancy does not .....

Hyperemesis gravidarum

Hyperemesis gravidarum is a condition characterized by severe nausea, vomiting, weight loss, and electrolyte disturbance. Nearly all women have some nausea or vomiting, or "morning sickness," particularly during the first .....

Prolonged menstrual period

Prolonged menstrual bleeding is bleeding that continues for more than 7 days. Also known as menorrhagia, prolonged menstrual bleeding can be caused by structural problems within the uterus, hormonal imbalances .....

IUCD

An Interuterine Contraceptive Device is a device inserted into to the uterine cavity and left for varying periods of time for the purpose of contraception. Throughout the years IUD's made .....

Labour pains

Almost all women find childbirth painful. During the first stage of labor, the opening to the uterus (called the cervix) slowly opens. Pain usually is felt in the abdomen or .....

lochia

Every woman bleeds after having a baby. This bleeding, known as lochia, is how your body gets rid of the lining of your uterus (womb). It may come out in .....

Pregnancy maintenance

Getting pregnant is not sufficient. we define a success, not by pregnancy, but by having a healthy baby and a healthy mom. So in order to have a healthy baby, .....

Stein-Leventhal syndrome

Stein-Leventhal syndrome, also called polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), disorder in women that is characterized by an elevated level of male hormones (androgens) and infrequent or absent ovulation (anovulation). About 5 .....

Trophoblastic disease

Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) is a group of rare tumors that involve abnormal growth of cells inside a woman's uterus. GTD does not develop from cells of the uterus like .....

Uterine hypoplasia

Uterine hypoplasia, also known as immature uterus, generally refers to the uterus is still less than normal after puberty, commonly known as "small uterus" Such patients often accompanied by rare .....

Uterine involution

The process by which the uterus returns to its normal pre-pregnant state (both anatomically and functionally) following childbirth or postpartum period. Normally, after childbirth, the enlarged uterus from pregnancy returns .....

Uterine leiomyoma

Uterine leiomyomas are common, benign, smooth muscle tumors of the uterus. They are found in nearly half of women over age 40 and infrequently cause problems. Synonyms include Fibroids, Myomas, .....

Uterine myoma

Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths of the uterus that often appear during your childbearing years. Also called fibromyomas, leiomyomas or myomas, uterine fibroids aren't associated with an increased risk of .....

Uterine relaxation

These are the drugs which decrease uterine motility. USES: Delay or postpone labour. Arrest abortion Dysmenorrhoea Suppression of labour allowed foetus to mature. Premature labour is done only if cervical .....

Urinary tract bleeding

Urinary bleeding is due to infection on the urinary tract and it is one of the worst symptoms of bladder infections. On one hand, it is an indication of infection .....

Intermenstrual bleeding

Intermenstrual bleeding is defined as bleeding from the vagina at any time in the menstrual cycle other than normal menstruation. Intermenstrual bleeding is one way that abnormal uterine bleeding or .....

Cervical priming

Cervical priming is a process where the cervix is made softer and shorter, leading to onset of labour. effectiveness of methods used for cervical priming; this includes intracervical and intravaginal .....

Cervical discharge

It will be discharge from your vagina. It should be clear and have no smell. It's quite common, and due to the hormonal changes as your body prepares to carry .....

Cervicitis

Cervicitis is an inflammation of the cervix, the lower, narrow end of your uterus that opens into the vagina. It's possible to have cervicitis and not experience any signs or .....

Fetal death

Fetal death refers to the spontaneous intrauterine death of a fetus at any time during pregnancy. Death before the complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of .....

Menorrhagia

Menorrhagia is the medical term for menstrual periods in which bleeding is abnormally heavy or prolonged. Although heavy menstrual bleeding is a common concern among premenopausal women, most women don't .....

Ovulation

Ovulation is a phase that occurs in a female's menstrual cycle. Though ovulation encompasses many different aspects, in general, when a female is said to be ovulating, this indicates the .....

Toxemia of pregnancy

Toxemia starts to develop as the placenta begins to develop. Toxemia is most likely to occur during first-time pregnancy. The causes of Toxemia are not known, and it .....

Eclampsia

Eclampsia is an acute and life-threatening complication of pregnancy, is characterized by the appearance of tonic-clonic seizures, usually in a patient who had developed preeclampsia. (Preeclampsia and eclampsia are collectively .....

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