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Pharmacological Index

Skin

"The skin is the largest organ of the body, with a total area of about 20 square feet. The skin protects us from microbes and the elements, helps regulate body temperature, and permits the sensations of touch, heat, and cold. Skin has three layers: The epidermis, the outermost layer of skin, provides a waterproof barrier and creates our skin tone. The dermis, beneath the epidermis, contains tough connective tissue, hair follicles, and sweat glands. The deeper subcutaneous tissue (hypodermis) is made of fat and connective tissue. The skin’s color is created by special cells called melanocytes, which produce the pigment melanin. Melanocytes are located in the epidermis."

Acne Vulgaris

Acne vulgaris (cystic acne or simply acne) is a common human skin disease, characterized by areas of skin with seborrhea (scaly red skin), comedones (blackheads and whiteheads), papules (pinheads), pustules .....

Anti Parasitic & Topical Anti Fungal

Antiparasitics are a class of medications which are indicated for the treatment of parasitic diseases such as nematodes, cestodes, trematodes, infectious protozoa, and amoebas. A parasitic disease is an infectious .....

Anti Scabitic

The anti scabitic products are provided in a tubes. These products provide lot of relief from various injuries. These are provided in gel form, shampoo form and cream form. .....

Demelanizing Agents

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Depigmentation

Depigmentation is the lightening of the skin, or loss of pigment. Depigmentation of the skin can be caused by a number of local and systemic conditions. The pigment loss can .....

Emollients

Emollients are complex mixtures of chemical agents specially designed to make the external layers of the skin (epidermis) softer and more pliable. They increase the skin's hydration (water content) by .....

Ichthyosis Psoriasis & Seborrhoeic Dermatitis

Ichthyosis is a heterogeneous family of at least 28, generalized, mostly genetic skin disorders. All types of ichthyosis have dry, thickened, scaly or flaky skin. In many types there is .....

Keratolytics

Keratolytic therapy is treatment to remove warts and other lesions in which the epidermis produces excess skin. In this therapy, acid medicine, such as salicylic acid is put on the .....

Skin Antiseptic & Skin Disinfectant

Antiseptics are antimicrobial substances that are applied to living skin to reduce the possibility of infection, sepsis, or putrefaction. Antiseptics are generally distinguished from antibiotics by the latter's ability to .....

Skin Vasculature

Vascular conditions affect the veins and arteries, which are blood vessels that carry blood to and away from the heart. When the small blood vessels underneath the skin are damaged .....

Sunscreens

Sunscreen (also commonly known as sunblock, sun tan lotion, sun screen, sunburn cream or block out) is a lotion, spray, gel or other topical product that absorbs or reflects some .....

Topical Antibiotics

Topical antibiotics are medicines applied to the skin to kill bacteria. Topical antibiotics help prevent infections caused by bacteria that get into minor cuts, scrapes, and burns. Treating minor wounds .....

Topical Anti Histamines & Topical Anti Pruritics

Topical antihistamine products are where antihistamines have been incorporated in creams, nasal sprays and other agents that can be applied locally (for example to the skin) to treat allergic reactions. .....

Topical Anti Infective

Topical anti-infective agents act by either killing or inhibiting the spread of the infectious agent. They include antibiotics, antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral agents. Topical anti-infective agents are applied to the .....

Topical Anti Viral

Topical antiviral agents are applied locally to treat viral infections. Different antiviral agents have different mechanisms of action but they all inhibit production of viruses that cause disease. Topical agents .....

Topical Steroids

Topical steroids are the topical forms of corticosteroids. Topical steroids are the most commonly prescribed topical medications for the treatment of rash, eczema, and dermatitis. Topical steroids have anti-inflammatory properties, .....

Alcon Laboratories Pvt. Ltd. (Novartis India)Alcon Laboratories Pvt. Ltd. (Novartis India)

Novartis-alcon laboratories stockists/Dealers in
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