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Pharmacological Index

Cardiovascular system

The cardiovascular system is responsible for transporting nutrients and removing gaseous waste from the body. Cardiovascular system consists of the heart and the circulatory system. The cardiovascular system includes organs which take up space throughout the body, including the heart and all of the body's veins, arteries and capillaries. The cardiovascular system is basic to life and the beat of one's heart is an automatic function which is controlled by the brain.Structures of the Cardiovascular System are-Heart-The heart is the organ that supplies blood and oxygen to all parts of the body.Blood vessels:-Blood vessels are intricate networks of hollow tubes that transport blood throughout the entire body.Blood:-The blood delivers nutrients to cells and removes wastes that are produced during cellular processes, such as cellular respiration.

Ace Inhibitors and Renin Inhibitors

"An ACE inhibitor (or angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor) is a pharmaceutical drug used primarily for the treatment of hypertension (high blood pressure) and congestive heart failure. Originally synthesized from compounds found in pit .....

Angiotensin II receptor antagonist

Angiotensin II receptor antagonists, also known as angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), AT1-receptor antagonists or sartans, are a group of pharmaceuticals which modulate the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Their main uses are in .....

Anti Coagulants

Compounds that do not allow blood to clot are called anticoagulants. These include drugs such as heparin and coumarin. Drugs that dissolve pre-formed clot including streptokinase are not referred to .....

Anti Diuretics (Vasopressin)

Plays a key role in maintaining osmolality (the concentration of dissolved particles, such as salts and glucose, in the serum) and therefore in maintaining the volume of water in the .....

Anti Anginal drugs

An antianginal is any drug used in the treatment of angina pectoris, a symptom of ischaemic heart disease. Drugs used are nitrates, beta blockers, or calcium channel blockers. .....

Anti Arrhythmic drugs

"Antiarrhythmic agents are a group of pharmaceuticals that are used to suppress abnormal rhythms of the heart (cardiac arrhythmias), such as atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, ventricular tachycardia, and ventricular fibrillation. Many .....

Anti Hypertensive

Antihypertensives are a class of drugs that are used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure). Antihypertensive therapy seeks to prevent the complications of high blood pressure, such as stroke and .....

Anti Platelet drugs

An antiplatelet drug (antiaggregant) is a member of a class of pharmaceuticals that decrease platelet aggregation and inhibit thrombus formation. They are effective in the arterial circulation, where anticoagulants have .....

Beta Blockers

"Beta blockers, ?-blockers, beta-adrenergic blocking agents, beta antagonists, beta-adrenergic antagonists, beta-adrenoreceptor antagonists, or beta adrenergic receptor antagonists, are a class of drugs. Beta blockers target the beta receptor. Beta receptors are .....

Calcium Antagonist

"These drugs inhibit the transport of calcium into cells via the L-type calcium channel. A major effect is to cause the relaxation of the vascular smooth muscle in small arterioles resulting .....

Cardiac Drugs

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Cerebral Activators & Peripheral Vasodilators

"Cerebral Activators: While the use of CNS stimulants has declined due to non-specific nature of their actions, a new class of drugs called 'Cerebral Activators' has been introduced. It is .....

Coagulants

Coagulation is the process by which blood forms clots. It is an important part of hemostasis, the cessation of blood loss from a damaged vessel, wherein a damaged blood vessel .....

Diuretics

A diuretic provides a means of forced diuresis which elevates the rate of urination. There are several categories of diuretics. All diuretics increase the excretion of water from bodies, although .....

Dyslipidaemic Agents

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Thrombolytic

"Thrombolytic agents are used for the treatment of myocardial infarction (heart attack), thromboembolic strokes, deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism to clear a blocked artery and avoid permanent damage to .....

Vasoconstrictors

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Alcon Laboratories Pvt. Ltd. (Novartis India)Alcon Laboratories Pvt. Ltd. (Novartis India)

Novartis-alcon laboratories stockists/Dealers in
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